Reading isn’t a natural function of the brain, and it requires explicit instruction to activate different areas responsible for vision, sound, and meaning. Fluent readers possess a complex reading circuit comprised of neural pathways of white matter, allowing them to process words in milliseconds. However, individuals with dyslexia exhibit a different reading circuit.
For the past few decades, research has mostly focused on the challenges associated with dyslexia, including reading, spelling, and grammar difficulties, but it is essential to acknowledge the cognitive strengths associated with the “condition,” such as visuospatial processing, narrative memory, problem-solving, and reasoning. Understanding these strengths is crucial not only for the approximately 20% of people with dyslexia but also for colleagues, peers, and educators to better support and embrace neurodiversity.